How to Get Rid of Acne Scars:
Types and Treatment Procedures
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Perhaps one of
the most difficult problems you’ll have to deal
with in acne is how to get rid of acne scars.
Acne scars are a result of injury to the
tissue, often caused by picking and squeezing
at pimples which results in infection and
further damage to the skin. It may seem like it
will take forever for your acne scars to fade
away. In more severe cases the scarring may be
permanent. Having acne scarring can cause a lot
of anxiety and embarrassment which is why many
sufferers want to know how to get rid of their
Getting rid of acne scars depends on factors
such as the type of acne scar you have, the
condition of your skin and the location of the
scar. However, the good news is that acne scars
can be treated effectively. Let’s take a look
at the different types of scars and the best
treatment procedures available.
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Ice Pick Scars
Ice pick scars are commonly found on the cheeks and look
like your skin has been pierced by a pin, resembling small
holes or open pores. They are narrow, no more than 2mm, and
extend into the deeper layers of the skin. Common treatments
for ice pick scars include punch excision and punch
Boxcar scars are oval shaped depressions with steep vertical
sides and sharp edges. They are wider than ice pick scars and
give the skin a pitted appearance. Box car scars can be helped
by punch excision, punch elevation or laser resurfacing.
Rolling scars look like rolling or wave like undulations on
the skin. They are so named because they have the appearance of
a rolling hillside. These types of scars are best treated with
Hypertrophic scars are often found on the torso, especially
in men, and look like raised, firm masses of tissue. These
types of scars tend to grow larger than the original wound. The
most common treatment options for hypertrophic scars are
steroid injections or creams or tapes medicated with topical
steroids in order to shrink and flatten the scar. Resistant
scars may need to be surgically excised.
There are many treatment procedures that can be used to get
rid of acne scars, but the ones mentioned above have been found
to be effective. We will look at these different procedures
together with the benefits and the risks.
Chemical peels are most suited for very mild scarring and
involve applying acid to the skin in order to remove the top
layer. This results in the skin having a smoother appearance.
Side effects include redness, swelling and possibly flakiness
and dryness of the skin. Sometimes recovery can take several
Dermabrasion is used for mild scarring. During the process
the skin is firstly numbed and then a machine rotates on the
skin to remove the damaged skin. It’s a painful procedure and
afterwards the skin is raw and scabs form. After the scabs
heal, the skin will be red for several weeks.
Laser resurfacing is a relatively new acne scar treatment
that removes thin layers of skin, layer after layer, until the
scars improve or disappear. At the same time the skin tightens
to help smooth out the skin. The procedure only takes a few
minutes and usually requires several treatments. After
treatment, the skin may become red and swollen and this can
last for several weeks.
Punch Excision, Punch
Grafting And Punch Elevation
These procedures are carried out under anesthetic using a
small punch tool, which looks like a tiny, circular cookie
cutter. In this process the scar is cut from the skin or
excised, and the skin is closed using steri-strips or glue and
allowed to heal. After the skin is excised, a skin graft,
usually taken from the skin behind the ear, is used to fill the
void, especially in the case of deeper scars. With these
procedures there is a risk of scarring. However, the scars are
less noticeable and can be resurfaced more easily.
In punch elevation, the base of the scar is elevated to the
surface of the skin where it is attached with steri-strips or
skin glue. Unlike grafting, the skin after punch elevation has
the same tone and texture as the surrounding tissue.
Subcision is a technique used for rolling scars. The
technique involves detaching the scar from the underlying
deeper tissue. To accomplish this, a sharp device is
used, often an 18-gauge Nokor® needle, to
separate the fibrous bands holding the scar to the deep dermis.
This allows a pool of blood to form under the scar which clots
and helps to form connective tissue under the scar, levelling
it with the surface. Bruising and swelling usually occurs and
can last for up to two weeks.
These are a few of the most common and effective treatment
procedures to get rid of acne scars, but they can often be
costly and require an anesthetic. If you want to know how to
get rid of acne scars using less invasive treatment then check
out the Acne No More system.